General characteristics of Japan. Full lessons

The purpose of this lesson

to acquaint students with the historical and cultural characteristics of a country such as Japan

to acquaint with the peculiarities of economic and geographical position and natural conditions

to build knowledge about the population of Japan

to determine the role of NTR in the economy

to acquaint students with the specialization of countries in the world economy

to inculcate in students the concept of external economic relations of Japan

The course of the lesson

Japan is a country in East Asia.

Key features of EGP

The level of natural resources endowment

Peculiarities of natural conditions

The natural conditions in Japan vary:

Features of Japan’s population

Birth rate and death rate of the population

The Economy Of Japan

Japan is a highly developed post-industrial state, took 2nd place in the world for economic strength.

GNP of Japan is 14% of the world GNP per capita (32 350 dollars). She was ahead of US. The economy of Japan combines high-intensity production (energy and resource saving based on “high technology “) and the manufacturing sector oriented on the world standards of quality of life.

– High rates of productivity growth due to the high technological provision of modern equipment, own scientific research;

– Financing and development of their own scientific researches, creation of scientific-production complexes and zones (science parks)

– Increased export of capital, especially in promising countries in Asia (nies, China)

– Permanent training the workforce and updating of production assets

– Implementation on the world market high quality competitive products scientific industries

– 10% of world production of engineering products

– 1/4 of the production is exported

– 1st place in the world for the production of navigation and cars

– Basics of the industry – high-tech manufacturing

– Concentrated within the Pacific industrial zone

Metallurgy

– 2nd place in the world in the production of steel

– Black and nonferrous metallurgy are based mostly on imported raw materials

– Implemented resource-saving technologies

– Increases the value of production for processing of secondary raw materials

Chemical industry

– 2nd place in the world (after USA ) in terms of production volumes

– 16 petrochemical complexes

– Specialising in petrochemical, synthetic rubber, chemical podologo, plastics, composite materials

Woodworking

Light industry

Food

Agriculture

For the agriculture of Japan is characterized by small farms land use type. Of land suitable for agriculture, a little. The country’s agriculture meets the needs of the population for food products by 75%. The leading branch in the structure of agriculture – crop. Japan is the largest importer of agricultural products in the world

Crop

– Grains: rice (main crop), wheat, barley, corn

– Sugar beet, sugar cane, tea

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