National dress of Japan
In national dress of any nation reflects its customs and culture. Japan – very unique country and its traditional clothing is very beautiful and her spirit transmission kimono or wafuku.
Originally, the term “kimono” referred to all clothing, but with the onset of Western fashion, the term came to mean only Japanese national dress. The Japanese had the desire to give his traditional clothing the term “wafuku”, but the Europeans still perceive both terms as synonyms.
Summer walk in yukata
The history of national costume
In the Jomon era, which lasted from 13,000 to 300 BC, the Japanese was simple clothes from hemp fibers. In the first Millennium BC in Japanese clothing appeared the Korean-Manchurian costume, and in the 5th century of our era Japanese costume was similar to Chinese hanfu. In the middle ages the nobles, priests and samurai over the kimono were wearing special pants-skirt hakama. Ordinary people wore clothes only on holidays or at festive events such as a wedding. From 1392 hakama could not be worn over the kimono began to tie the special Obi belt. In 1603 the costume acquired the form, which has been preserved to our days. It has extended sleeves, made wider Obi that was tied in several variations.
From the mid-ninth century in Japan began to penetrate the culture of Europe and America. Replaces the national costume came in regular clothes. It first began to wear the upper class, and since 1945 the countries of the East took control of American style. Today, the kimono has become more of a festive costume, in his everyday life are often the elderly Japanese women. Tight fitting and covering all parts of the body, kimono calls to obedience and humility. The man who put on a kimono, must not show body parts, closed suit, it is an inviolable rule of wearing traditional Japanese clothing. Therefore, the Japanese should move smoothly and gently, so as not accidentally bared arms or legs.
Kimono is the national costume for all Japanese people regardless of sex and age. Is it from a single piece of fabric. For sewing women’s kimono need 9 to 12 meters of fabric. Real kimono must be made manually, and duplicate images may be applied using a stencil. Any suit regardless of who put it on, should zaparivatsya left to right. In the opposite direction plowed the suit only on the deceased at the burial. On the waist over the kimono is tied with a special Obi belt. Kimono has numerous straps and cords instead of buttons, and as an ornament suspended from a netsuke. Women’s costume differs from the male kimono the number of parts, making a total of 12, so the woman to dress without assistance almost impossible. Kimono for men is easier, consists of five parts and has a shorter sleeve. When choosing a kimono take into account the sex of the person, the event (wedding, funeral, etc.), time of year, a living person or the deceased, age, status in society.
In addition to the traditional kimono is still summer— yukata (Yukata). It is worn in hot weather, or girls wear it in the summer holidays. Yukata and kimono are very spacious and light, well ventilated body, so it protects from overheating. Yukata is a home and clothes, it put on both men and women. Sew yukata from cotton fabric without lining.
Yukata is worn with special shoes or wooden sandals in the form of benches, called geta. From above they look as rectangles, are kept on the foot by straps that pass between the toes. Except geta, worn as shoes Zori sandals from cloth, leather or straw. They may be decorated, and can be simple. Zori from straw with white thongs, are the official men’s shoes. Together with Zori and geta tabi dress – high socks (to the ankle) with a specially separated big toe.