Tea tree (tea), the cultivation of tea tree. Room vegetables and fruits
The tea tree . family – tea. Motherland – The South-East Asia. The most ancient cultural plant of the earth. Its leaves contain tannins, caffeine, vitamins, which is 3-4 times more than in lemons.
The Chinese tea Bush (Thea sinensis), an evergreen shrub or small tree of the theaceae family (family theaceae) from Asia. From the leaves it is prepared tonic tea that has been used for at least 4000 years and is the most common hot beverage in the world. Tea leaf contains 1-3% caffeine, i.e. in two times more than coffee beans, but Cup of coffee, this substance usually higher than in the same volume of tea because of the pound “welding” goes for 40 servings of the beverage first and second portions of 250-300.
The flowers have white tea, with a mild sweet flavor and bright yellow anthers. Budding from the tea plant begins in July, and flowering is in late September and continues throughout the fall until frost. The fruit tea -3 to 4, rarely 5-winged capsule dark green in color, and Mature seeds are brown, round shape, 10-20 mm in diameter. Live tea plants over 100 years.
According to the legend, was the first to drink tea a Chinese sage who saw the true value of the scent of the leaves of the tea Bush accidentally fell into his warming himself on the fire a pot of boiling water. The Dutch brought tea to continental Europe in 1610 and to England in 1664. Since London is considered the tea capital of the world, and the average Brit drinks a day, five cups of this drink. In America, tea was first sold in Boston in 1714. To grow a tea Bush began in China in prehistoric times, in Japan — in the Middle ages, and in India and Ceylon about 1870. In 1880-e years it has successfully bred in North Carolina and Texas, but because of high labor costs, this culture did not take root there. Before the Second world war the tea Bush was grown in large areas in China, India, Japan, Ceylon, Taiwan, Java and Sumatra, followed by commercial plantations of tea appeared in many other countries.
About useful properties of tea, the history of the drink and methods of brewing tea, see the section of Vegetable cooking.
Cultivation of tea tree in the home
At room conditions the tea Bush grows well, surprisingly beautiful blooms and bears fruit regularly. Dekorativny Chinese tea Bush is a small evergreen plant, growing in the apartment of 40-50 cm in height. The leaves are small (4-10 cm) with short internodes. Young shoots covered with soft silvery hairs.
In the apartments of the tea Bush tolerates shaded areas as well as lit. In late autumn and in the winter it is better to be in a room with a temperature of 5-8 °C. If there is no such place, the plant may be in a conventional room at a temperature of 18-25 °C. In this case, the plant must be frequently sprayed with water. To increase the humidity, put the pot on a tray with gravel, pour water where.
Abundant watering in summer, autumn and winter – mild. During the growing season the plant should be regularly fed – 1 time in 15 days. It is best to use concentrated liquid fertilizer to feed flowers, “rainbow”. Substrate tea should be loose and acidic (pH 4.5-5.5). The transplant, which at a young age are held annually, and in senior – after 2 years, it is best to use srednekislye universal flower soil “Azalea”.In the summer of the tea plant, it is desirable to make a garden, on a balcony or veranda.
Pests and diseases of tea trees – schitovki, mol tea, the tea aphid. On their release settles sooty fungus. In some years, the affected leaves are brown and grey spotting.
Tea is propagated by seeds, sowing of which is carried out immediately after harvest to a depth of 3-4 cm Can be propagated and annual woody cuttings in early spring and summer periods.
In the spring, when seedling tea reaches 15-20 cm, to enhance tillering pruned to a height of 10 cm from the soil surface. The following year, at the height of 15-30 cm make a second pruning. Third and subsequent pruning shall be held annually in order to expand the crown of the Bush, raising its height and increase of shoot formation.
Love the plants and be healthy!